Environmental Constraints and Value Creation in Higher Education in Nigeria: The Role of Strategic Planning

  • Ekeke, J.N. Department of Hospitality Management & Tourism, Faculty of Management Sciences, University of Port Harcourt, Choba, Rivers State, Nigeria.
  • Olori, W.O. Department of Management, Faculty of Management Sciences, University of Port Harcourt, Choba, Rivers State, Nigeria
Keywords: Environmental constraints, Value creation, Appropriate education, Human capital development.


The relevance of the environment in value creation and appropriate education (AE) is yet to gain the recognition it deserves even in Nigeria’s education industry. The study examines the role of environmental constraints in limiting value creation in higher education in Nigeria. Guided by extant literature and critical analysis of the educational environment in Nigeria, the study observes that higher propensity of parents’ involvement in examination manipulation and malpractice and course selection for their children, grade sorting, poor infrastructure, etc. are all environmental factors hindering value creation in higher education in Nigeria. The implication is that human capital development in general and in specialized technological areas will continue to experience great difficulties. The paper argues for strategic planning by higher institutions of learning and attitudinal value reorientation by stakeholders as a panacea towards effective and efficient human capital development in Nigeria.



Anzene, S.J. (2014). “The challenges of value re-orientation in Nigeria’s tertiary educational system.” Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences: 5(15) 221-227.

Arinze, A. (2014). “Quality Assurance, SERVICOM and reward system in Nigeria.” African Journal of Higher Education Studies and Development. 2(4): 19-25.

Arasa, R. & K’Obonyo, P. (2012). “The relationship between strategic planning and firm performance.” International Journal of Humanities and Social Science, 2(22):201-213.

Ayub, A, Razzaq,.A, Aslam, M.S. and Iftekhar,.H. (2013). “A conceptual framework on evaluating SWOT analysis as the mediator in strategic planning through marketing intelligence.” European Journal of Business and Social Sciences, 2(1): 91-98.

Babalola, J.B (2014). “Improving Higher Education through stakeholder collaboration.” African Journal of Higher Education Studies and Development, African Journal of Higher Education Studies and Development,, 2(4): 1-18.

Babatunde, B.O, & Adebisi, A.O. (2012).. “Strategic environmental scanning and organisation performance in a competitive business environment,” African Journal of Higher Education Studies and Development, 64(1):130-18.

Lay-hwa, .J. & D’Alessandro, S. (2011). “Co-creating value in higher education: The role of interactive classroom response technologies.” Asian Social Science, 7 (11): 35-49.

Enu, D.B. & Esu, A.E.O (2011). “Re-engineering values education in Nigerian schools as catalysts for national development”. International education studies, 4(1): 147-153

IIomo, O. & Chawang, K.J.P. (2015). “Influence of home environment on students’ academic performance in selected secondary schools in Arusha municipality.” Journal of Novel Applied Sciences, 4(10): 1049-1054.

Monday, J.U. (2015). “Local Content Policy, Human Capital Development and Sustainable Business Performance in the Nigerian Oil and Gas Industry.” Journal of Management and Sustainability: 5(2): 75-83.

Nwazor, J.C. (2012). “Capacity building, entrepreneurship and sustainable development.” Journal of Emerging Ttrends in Educational Research and Policy Studies, 3 (1): 51-54.

Obeta, A.O. (2014). “Home environmental factors affecting students’ performance in abia state.” Rural Environmental Education Personality, 141-149.

Otivie, I. (2013). ”Value re-orientation and transformation: A panacea for growth and development. A paper presented at the institute of strategic management, Nigeria (ISMN) FGT chapter 2013 national conference.1-9.

Oyewumi, K.A. (2012). “A philosophical re-appraisal of teacher education and value re-orientation:prognosis for utopian society.” Educational Research Journal, 2(1): 14-17.

Ovbiagele, A.O. & Chinedu, I.M. (2015). “Strategic planning as an effective tool on organizational performance in Nigeria: an empirical study of some firms in delta state.”. Global Journal of Interdisciplinary Social Sciences. 4(6): 68-72.

Ozunba, G.O. (2014). “National consciousness, value reorientation and identity: an integrative humanist approach”. Journal of Integrative H humanist, 147-157.

World Economic Forum (2013). “The Africa Competitiveness Report 2013”. Retrieved from www.weforum.org