Patterns and risk factors of inland waterways boat accidents in Nigeria
The study investigated the patterns and risk factors of boat accidents along Nigeria inland coastal waterways. Specifically, the study aimed at determining the patterns of boat accidents, the causes and level of safety awareness and emergency preparedness of boat operators and the extent of their adherence to safety conventions in Nigeria. Information on the patterns of boat accidents was obtained from the Nigeria Watch database complemented by data obtained from random sampling of 200 boat operators and users and the marine police selected from ten states known for high maritime transportation. The study revealed that a total of 180 incidence of boats accidents in which 1607 lives were lost between years 2006 and 2015 were recorded, with year 2013 recording the highest incidence while years 2010 and 2015 recorded the least accidents incidence. It was further revealed that the safety awareness and emergency preparedness of the boat operators is indeed very low. The study recommends the need for the government and operators of the marine sector to ensure effective training and enlightenment of the boat operators on the need to adhere to safety conventions.
Adetunji, A.A. (2011). Fish production, poverty alleviation and cooperative success of Eriwe Cooperative Fish Farm at Ijebu Ode, Ogun State, Nigeria. Retrieved from www.journal.unaab.edu.ng Akomolafe, B. (2014, June 5). Lagos boat operators give recipe for safe waterways transport. Newswatch Times. Akoni, O. (2014, August 23). Boat Mishap: Residential shun waterway transportation. Vanguard Newspaper.
Akpobokemi, P.Z. (2014). Safety Awareness Campaigns Necessary to Curb Boat Mishaps. Received from www.worldstagegroup.com Chukwu, O.M. (2014). The Characteristics of inland water transport in Nigeria. IOSR Journal of Business and Management. Volume 19, Issue 3 (March 2014). Pp 119-126 Denga, D.I. & Ali, A. (1998). An introduction to research methods and statistics in education and social sciences. (3rd ed.). Calabar, Nigeria. Rapid Education publishers Limited Dogarawa, L.B. (2012). Marine accidents in Northern Nigeria: Causes, prevention and management. International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, November 2012, Volume 2, Number11 Federal Government of Nigeria (2010). Maritime Academy of Nigeria Act, 2010. Abuja. Federal Government of Nigeria (1997). National Inland Waterway Authority (NIWA) Act, 1997 Federal Government Nigerian (1997). Nigerian (NIMASA) Act, 2007. Abuja Howden, D. (2006-01-17). CorpWatch: Nigeria: Shell May Pull Out of Niger Delta after 17 Die in Boat Raid. Available from Corpwatch.org.Acessed on Nov 7, 2012.
Iheka, C. (2013). Nigerian Economic Development and Inland Waterways: Dredging River Niger and Benue. Retrieved from
Saharareporters.com/2013/02/28/Nigeria Isangedighi, A.J., Joshua, M.T., Asim, A.E. & Ekuri, E.E. (2004). Fundamentals of research and statistics in education and social sciences. Calabar: University of Calabar Press.
Marketwatch (2014). Incessant boat accidents threaten water transport industryâ€¦.Negligence, poor enforcement to blame. Retrieved from www.marketwatch.ng/News/Post
Nigerian Association of Master Mariners, NAMM, (2009). Nigeria: Safety of Countryâ€™s Waterways. Retrieved from http://allafrica.com/stories/200904010115 Nigerian Association of master Mariners, NAMM, (2014, April 17). Master Mariners Express Concern over incessant boat mishaps. Vanguard Newspaper Nigeria Watch. Available from : Nigeria Watch. Org.
Naku, D. (2007). 50 die in Bayelsa boat mishap. Retrieved from http://allafrica.com/stories/200703020255.html Nze, I.C. (2013). Analysis of the fatality rates of boat and ferry accidents on inland waterways in Nigeria. IOSR Journal of Business and Management. Volume 11, Issue 2 (May-June 2013) Obed, B.C.N. (2013). A critical assessment of the inland waterways operations and management on the development of the Nigerian Maritime Industry. Greener Journal of environmental management and public safety. Volume 2 (2), Pp 99-107 Onabu, O. (2014, November 29). Nigeria: Inland Waterways Intensifies Safety Campaign. Thisday Newspaper
Onwuegbuchunam, D.E. (2013). An Analysis of Determinants of
Accidents Involving Marine Vessels in Nigeriaâ€™s Waterways. Management Science and Engineering. Volume 7, Number 3, 2013, Pp 39-45
Oritse, G. (2014, April 17). Master Mariners express concern over incessant boat mishaps. Vanguard Newspaper
United States Coastguard USCG, (2005). Common Boating Accidents. Retrieved from http://www.rescuediver.org/rescue-tech/boatops5.htm
All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise without the prior permission of the publisher.