Effects Of Environmental Conditions on Diarrhoea Disease in South East, Nigeria: A Case Of Enugu State, Nigeria
This study examined the effects of weather conditions on diarrhoea occurrence in South Eastern states with emphasis on Enugu State. The aim was to establish if there is a significant relationship between temperature, relative humidity, and rainfall and diarrhoea occurrence in the state. Tables were designed for collecting data on temperature, relative humidity, rainfall and diarrhoea from 2006 to 2016 and also number of children between 0-4 years that were affected with diarrhoea in the Primary Health Centers of the State. Through the administration of questionnaire to nursing mothers, the perception of mothers on the relationships between the predictors and diarrhoea spread were obtained. Data collected were presented in tables, percentages and charts. The hypotheses were tested using correlations, regression and ANOVA. The results obtained showed that there were no significant relationships between temperature, relative humidity, and diarrhoea in Enugu State, but there is a significant difference in the occurrence of diarrhoea in the dry season and rainy season from 2006 to 2016. Also, the relationship between the predictors and diarrhoea differs significantly between the Primary Health Centers. Recommendations include public enlightenment campaign on diarrhoea epidemic at the beginning of dry season, the need for adequate water supply and sanitation in dry season, giving enabling environment for prevention and control of diarrhoea, improvement in environmental hygiene, infant nutrition, and education of mothers.