Rationale and Challenge of Anti-Open-Grazing Law in the 21st Century Nigeria
The mass burial of 73 crop farmers in Benue State in 2018 is a black spot in history. The farmers had been gruesomely murdered January 1, 2018 by Fulani herdsmen protesting the anti-open-grazing law promulgated by the State governemnt. This paper examines the rationale and challenges of the anti-open-grazing law in forestalling and curbing herdsmen-farmer clashes in Nigeria in the 21st century. The paper notes that the law specifically permits grazing of livestock only within ranches and prohibits the roaming of cattle from one place to another within a state except by rail, trucks and other vehicles. The anti-open-grazing law was seen by many as the best solution to the incessant clashes between killer herdsmen and crop farmers in the recent history of Nigeria. But, the Fulani herdsmen resist it as unworkable.