Impacts of Insurgency on Urban Governance in Nigerian Cities: A Longitudinal Analytical Review (2014-2021)
One of the current challenges to urban governance in Nigeria is insurgency. This study aimed to assess the impacts of insurgencies on urban governance in Nigeria and to proffer measures by which they could be ameliorated. The critical analytical method was used on secondary information and primary information from observations of the developments in the system. Findings showed that poor urban governance led to inadequate provision and maintenance of basic social infrastructures, persistent unemployment with concomitant idleness and income poverty, among others, which have resulted to insurgencies in form of terrorism, armed robbery, banditry, kidnapping, ethnic militia, farmer-herder clashes and other despicable responses to the bundle of contradictions confronting the country.
Alistair Harris (2010). Yemen: On the Brink. Canergie Endowent Anaeto S.
Anderson, M. (2015). Unpacking metropolitan governance for sustainable development.
Adegoke, N. (2015). Kidnapping, security challenges and socio-economic implications to the Niger Delta region of Nigeria. Asian Journal of
Humanities and Social Sciences, 16(2): 205-216.
Amalu, N.S. (2015). Impact of Boko Haram insurgency on human security in Nigeria. Global Journal of Social Sciences, 14: 35-42.
Amnest International (2018, December 17). Nigeria: Three years of bloody clashes between farmers and herders in Nigeria. Retrieved on
8/19/2021 from https://www.amnesty.org/en/documents/afr44/9503/2018/en/
Ayobade, A.B. (2006). Introduction to urbanization. U.K.: European Centre for Research Training and Development. Retrieved on 11/27/2021
Azu, V.N. (2018). Issues and challenges of urban governance in Africa: The Nigerian experience. Global Journal of Political Science and
Administration, 6(2): 1-12.
Azu, V.N. (2014). State-Local Government fiscal relations and Local Government performance in Abia State; A Ph.D. Thesis. Research
Brassey (2001). Insurgency & Terrorism: Inside Modern Revolutionary Warfare. Air University Press. Retrieved on 8/13/2020
Christanity Today (2021). 140 Nigerian Baptist Students Kidnapped in Kaduna. Retrieved on 8/18/2021 from
Curta, S. D. (2006). A new type of insurgency? A case study of the resistance in Iraq. Graduate Thesis. University of South Florida,
Duru, E.C. and Ogbonnaya, U.M. (2012). The political and economic conditions of the institutionalization of urban policies in Nigeria since
the twentieth century. Nigerian Journal of Social and Development 9(2), June 2012.
Elaigwu, J.I. (2007). Fiscal federalism in Nigeria: Facing the challenges of the future. Jos: Aha Publishing Limited.
Hassan, M.B. (2014). Boko Haram insurgency and the spate of insecurity in Nigeria: Manifestation of governance crisis. Research in
Humanities and Social Science, 4(18): 9-18
International Crisis Group (2018). Stopping Nigeria’s spiralling farmerherder violence. Retrieved on 8/19/2021 from
Ochonu, M.E. (2015). Boko Haram is hardly a new phenomenon. Time Magazine. February 17.
Oketayo, A. and Olelaye, Y.L (2019). Effect of rura-urban migration of youths on rural development in Ogbomoso South Local Government
Area, Oyo State, Nigeria. DOI: 10.51406/jhssca.v11i1.1688
Onabajo, O. and Osifeso J. (2008). Models and theories of communication. Maryland: African Renaissance Books Incorporated.
Osumah, O. and Aghedo, I. (2011). Who wants to be a millionaire? Nigerian youths and the commodification of kidnapping. Review of African
Economy, 38(128): 277-287.
Premium Times (2021). Seven years after Chibok, mass kidnapping of students becoming norm in Nigeria. Retrieved on 8/18/2021 from
Shafer, D.M. (1988). Counterinsurgency Paradigms. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
The American Heritage New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy USA (2012): Houghton Mifflin Company.
The Observer (2021, April 28). Farmer-herder crisis in Nigeria’s Middle Belt could ‘blow up into a civil war’. Retrieved on 8/19/2021 from
Ukpong-Umo, R.E. (2016). Insurgency in Nigeria and the challenge of nationhood. Nigerian Journal of Rural Sociology, 16 (3): 64-69.