• Onyenekenwa Cyprian Eneh Institute for Development Studies, Enugu Campus, University of Nigeria, Nsukka
  • N.P. Anamalu Institute for Development Studies, Enugu Campus, University of Nigeria, Nsukka


Waste management is a cardinal point of environmental sustainability and crucial to
environmental health. This study was aimed at assessing the effectiveness of the Enugu State Waste Management Authority (ESWAMA), as perceived by consumers (the public). A multistage sampling technique was used. The first stage involved simple random sampling to select three neighbourhoods to represent high-density, medium-density and low-density neighbourhoods and to select target households. Questionnaire was administered to the households. The data were analysed by means of tables of frequency and simple percentage. Average Mean Score technique was used to test null hypotheses. Findings showed that ESWAMA was ineffective in all the 9 (out of 12) statutory responsibilities assessed. Most adverse public opinion (92.5 %) was on recycling of solid wastes, followed closely by 90 % for designing, operating and maintaining waste disposal facilities, 86.5 % for removal and disposal of abandoned vehicles, 81.7 % for approving and keeping close watch on all waste disposal systems, 80 % for monitoring, cleaning, clearing and maintaining drainage facilities, 75 % for removing and disposing carcasses of dead animals from public places, 65 % for clearing the streets of solid wastes, 64 % for collecting, removing, processing, treating and safe disposal of domestic, hospital, commercial, institutional and industrial solid wastes, and 64 % for taking requisite, advantageous and convenient actions for or in connection with the carrying out of its functions or incidental to their proper discharge. Like most state-owned enterprises, ESWAMA was found wanting by consumer opinions. Hence, it was recommended that ESWAMA should be privatised for efficiency.


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